Nevertheless, the overall economical development has been a success. Poland has problems. It is also not treated as a stable pillar by Polish elites. As early as in 1917 a Polish scholar, Jan Stanisław Bystroń, wrote that Polish sociology is — as any other national sociology — a notable and separate field. Next most serious social problem in Poland is alcoholism. Reduction in the rate of employment is a sign of economic stability, and a reason for Poland to weather in the difficult conditions of global market. Many people don't know that from this is only one step to alcoholism. This process of lustration seems to take longer in Poland, which is understandable as their democracy is relative young and might not cope as comfortable with a sudden opening of communistic documents. By Julia Rampen. The parliament-system in Germany determines a chancellor, who is able in coordination with the leading party to decide on the country’s best. This dispute is particular evident in the semi- presidential system of Poland in which the president and the prime minister have to negotiate the final outcome of day-to-day administration of the state (Laidler, 2010 p.8). The work by Strawiński (2008, p.41) The first prime minister was Tadeusz Mazowiecki, similar to Lech Wałęsa a former leader of the solidarity movements. The number of unemployed people decreased fast between 2002 from 3.2mio (~20%) to 1.9mio (~11%) in 2007 (Ministerium für Wirtschaft - Wien, 2008 p.30). The advantage of open handling with secret documents of the GDR is that it helped to re-establish trust in politics, as it was possible in short time to widely finish off the period of communistic area of a reunited Germany. And Brussels is reportedly becoming increasingly worried. Poland is the only EU country that has a border both with Russia and Ukraine. Such a method could make it more likely to form more stable coalitions in Poland; on the other hand it would ignore the opinion of minority parties. The reasons can be related to social problems like unemployment, stagnation of economy, working emigration, political system, crime and health system to name some major areas that people’s life is affected by and can be seen as a source of individual problems that might be expressed in a low turnout of votes. However, Poland’s total social expenditure is not so high – Poland spends 16.4 per cent of GDP, but for comparison France already has a level of 24.3 per cent and the EU average is 18.8 per cent. It is believed that the success of a former communist is due to the considerable sacrifices the polish people had to sustain over the first five years of implementing free market conditions and democracy. Alcohol is also a common „cure” for family problems, lack of money, professional failures, depression, loneliness or boredom. Particularly, the involvement in the EU turned out to have a positive effect on the polish economy (CBOS, 2010 Economic situation), as Poland received needed grants and subsidies. Poland - Poland - Health and welfare: Health care in Poland has been handled largely by the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, which oversees the health departments of the regional governments. This means that the general size of labour force decreases slightly which is beneficial for the rate of unemployment. Despite this, the national police force has cut more than 20,000 officers from its ranks as part of the economic reform process. These are usually the beginnings of addiction. Work–life balance related problems are relatively more frequent in Poland than on average in the EU. Politics explained . Rigid reforms towards free market structures made Poland the best flourishing EU Member State of all acceding EU-countries. This is as written above not given in Poland. In order to find a solution to political problems in Poland, a comparison of political systems of major western countries is undertaken. - Completely free - with ISBN But there is a problem with the rule of law. Beggars and homeless people became common sights after being virtually nonexistent during Communist rule. But a hard time for the people ascended, when the first enthusiasm for Solidarność dwindled down and the leading communist party brought General Wojciech Jaruzelski into charge, who declared Martial Law in 1981 in order to silence all opposing forces within Poland. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); With the fall of Communism and its social-welfare network and system of subsidized food and housing, large sections of Polish society, especially the elderly, fell into poverty. But its vision for the country was born in Moscow. As long as the country’s economy stabilizes, employers will have every reason to higher people with the … This development in voter turnout is somehow unexpected, especially taking into account that the country has been affected by suppression of freedom by the communist regime over years, someone would expect a relieve shown in a higher participation in elections. 216x154x1 mm. Road: social provisions. Beggars and homeless people became common sights after being virtually nonexistent during … The economically situation of Poland is analysed by considering the social problems of unemployment and labour migration. In order to achieve the majority in the parliament the leading parties have to win the support by those small parties to be able to name the prime minister in charge and every tremor in trust or opinion results in a loss of the majority in parliament. Reasons for the positive development are seen in demographic factors, growth related to EU entry and migration of Labour: After an almost linear increase in the population of Poland from the early 1960s to 1995, the development shows stagnation and even a slight decrease in residents after 1995 (Encyclopædia Britannica, 2010 Chap. Regional dress, regional dialects and forms of speech, peasant arts and crafts, and religious and folk festivals have all been … The voter participation which has ever been low, even in the first free election in 1989 with just about 53 %, reached its maximum in the president elections 1995 with 68 % and declined almost steadily since (Kostadinova, 2003), even down to less than 50 % in 2005 (Eurostat, 2010). As the preceding evolution of presidentship already shows, the polish politic landscape is affected by an almost regular change in political direction, and gets even more confuse by checking the diverse number of different prime ministers in service between 1989 up to our very present. The Polish government’s efforts to undermine the rule of law and human rights protections continued during the year. Gender equality. Although Wałęsa and most of his followers were imprisoned the idea of solidarity remained. Our local team responds to poor housing through a number of activities such as the construction of new houses, renovations of apartments, advocacy (promoting social housing policies with the government) as well as microloan programmes. Taschenbuch. Poland is aging, and aging fast. Solidarność was able to form a coalition with other small parties to build a non-communistic majority in the parliament and Lech Wałęsa was determined as its president. 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