The oil sector alone contributes up to 80% of the country’s budget revenues and 88% of foreign income is from oil exports. This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas. This sea level rise puts coastal areas at risk of increasing erosion and inundation, which may destroy many of the countries’ wetlands & mangroves. Most of Saudi Arabia has sensitive ecosystem for any level of climate change especially on desertification processes. June 29, 2019 23:04. Consider what the world of media would look like without The Intercept. Another contributing factor to the freshwater decreasing is because the Large river Basins in Southeast Asia are being affected by climate change and their population growth rising makes the demand for freshwater rise. The country is arid, and the sand desert renders several regions susceptible to flooding and desertification. Indeed, under the principle that all countries have “common but differentiated responsibilities,” Saudi Arabia signed and ratified the Paris Climate Agreement a day before it came into force on November 4, 2016. However, ranked 60th out of 61 countries included in this year’s index, Saudi Arabia remains at the bottom of very low-performers. Lee Fang[email protected]​theintercept.com@lhfang, Sharon Lerner[email protected]​theintercept.com@fastlerner. The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016. AFPM, notably, has also bankrolled many of the groups that have played a vital role in the discourse around climate science. Saudi Arabia does not have a single nodal ministry for climate change but different ministries (water, electricity, and agriculture) look at climate change issues within their own impact areas. The entertainment industry has been given extensive leeway during the pandemic, even as California now faces a stay-at-home order. Most desert animals resident in the Kingdom are non-migratory, and thus will be forced to cope with increases in T a if they are to survive. Saudi Arabia lacks permanent water resources and, therefore, must depend on groundwater and seawater desalination to meet its water demands. Saudi Arabia at Conference of Parties (COP), UN Climate Change Conference For Saudi Arabia, climate goals will continue to be directly related to the sustainable development of our country. AFPM gave $1.25 million to the opposition campaign, which used the money to barrage voters with advertisements urging defeat of the measure. The think tank once sponsored a billboard campaign comparing those concerned about climate change to the Unabomber and Osama bin Laden. This article has been updated to correct the quantity of greenhouse gases emitted by Saudi Aramco between 1992 and 2017. 1K likes. The ability to adapt to a changing climate is largely dependent on national resources and thus the hardships associated with climate change are not equally distributed, with poor and disadvantaged populations and countries suffering most.2, 5 Compared with other countries in the Middle East, Saudi Arabia is fortunate to possess the ability to make notable progress in addressing the … He has been a key Indian climate-change negotiator, and was also the Indian spokesperson at the 2015 climate negotiations at Paris. Children wait to fill jugs with water during a water shortage in Sana’a, Yemen, on April 6, 2018. Aramco also funds a variety of Beltway think tanks, including the Center for International Strategic Studies, a moderate group that promotes maintaining the U.S. strategic alliance with Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabia’s lobbying prowess is legendary in Beltway circles, mostly for its influence over the lucrative sale of U.S. arms and other hot-button issues. The company’s various social media pages have driven home the argument. According to Saudi Arabia’s filed report to the UNFCCC, “Options to increase the adaptive capacity of species and ecosystems in the face of accelerating climate change include: • Reducing non-climatic stresses, such as pollution, over-exploitation, habitat … Saudi Arabia Climate Change. Assessment of these impacts indicated clearly that most regions have high vulnerability levels for climate change impacts on desertification processes. Saudi Arabia does not have a single nodal ministry for climate change but different ministries (water, electricity, and agriculture) look at climate change issues within their own impact areas. Saudi Arabia accepts the reality of climate change and the need to mitigate CO2 emissions, but they say that oil and gas are part of the solution. While Aramco has rebranded, the government strategy at impeding global climate negotiations has not. Less scrutinized, however, are Aramco companies that have a seat at the table with other U.S. oil giants seeking to influence domestic energy policies. 1. The agricultural sector struggles due to the country’s unsuitable environmental conditions, though considerable nomadic and semi-nomadic pastoralist farming exists in some regions. The policies that could harm the demand for oil include “carbon emission cap and trade regimes, carbon taxes, increased energy efficiency standards and incentives and mandates for renewable energy.”. Saudi Arabia’s economy is heavily dependent on oil, and with 25% of the world’s oil reserves, the country is the world’s largest petroleum exporter. “Climate change concerns and impacts could reduce global demand for hydrocarbons,” the Aramco filing’s risk section declares. Saudi Arabia has in fact ratified the Kyoto Protocol. Along both the western and eastern coasts of Saudi Arabia, the climate is desert, and it's particularly mild in winter, even warm in the central and southern part of the Red Sea coast, while in summer, it's very hot everywhere, but it's sultry on the shores of the Red Sea, and a bit drier, and therefore torrid, on the shores of the Persian Gulf. In the three categories GHG Emissions, Renewable Energy and Energy Use, Saudi Arabia is rated very low, both for the current level and for the well-below-2°C In 2016, Saudi Arabia ratified the Paris Agreement and submitted its first Nationally Determined Contribution, which aims to achieve avoidance of up to 130 million tons of CO2eq by 2030 annually through economic diversification and adaptation. “The Saudis have been very good in making sure only weak measures have been adopted,” said Joanna Depledge, editor of the journal Climate Policy, who has written about Saudi obstructionism. The … The company, closely held by the Saudi royal family, is now confronting the challenges of climate change in ways that mirror many western fossil fuel giants: by launching a rebranding effort that positions the firm as an environmental leader. Last year, AFPM played a critical role in defeating Washington State ballot Initiative 1631, a state referendum designed to institute a carbon tax. 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